Milky / Opaque / Satin quartz tubes
The opaque quartz tubes comes from quartz sands of high purity when reduced to a molten state at a temperature of approximately 2000° C. The high temperature produces a vitreous material characterized by the presence of a multitude of gaseous micro-bubbles. These bubbles diffract light, giving the material its opacity. The term opaque silica is mainly used for molded or centrifuged parts, while the product obtained by drawing is normally referred to as translucent.
Opaque quartz glass, due to the scattering of light in the micropores, is a very good thermal insulator, blocks infrared (IR) radiation, has a microporous structure with a high density and smooth surface. It is opaque, it can be used at high temperatures (constant operating temperature up to 1100 ° C) and chemically aggressive environments.
- diameters: 6 mm - 80 mm
- wall thickness: 0.5 mm - 5 mm
Properties of different types of glasses are discussed here. Bellow are shown properties of Milky Quartz Glass (called also: Opaque Quartz Glass or Satin Quartz Glass):
Milky (Opaque, Satin) Quartz Glass JGSM
The opacity of a quartz glass is obtained by adding the air during the melting process of silica sand. At a temperature of approx. 2000 ° C produced a glassy material with lots of bubbles, causing light scattering and opacity suitable material.
The quality of the material is determined by the uniformity of distribution of bubbles, their size and shape. Many small vesicles (approx. 10 µm) scatter light better than bubbles large and very few (eg. 50 - 150 microns) - giving an opacity effect worse, especially at small thicknesses of material.
Milky quartz, known also as Opaque Quartz Glass or Satin Quartz Glass, due to scattering of radiation in the micropores, is a very good thermal insulator, blocks IR, has a microporous structure with a high density and smooth surface. It can be machined at a reasonable cost. It is opaque, it can be used at high temperatures (constant operating temperature up to 1100 ° C) and chemically aggressive environments.
Low porosity of the material allows to obtain properties similar to fused quartz, while the possibility of gas welding without material shrinkage smooth and without joints. It can be combined with a transparent quartz.
If applied flame polishing, the surface micropores disappears (cicatrize), creating a clean, smooth surface. Does not arise the "orange peel" effect. In addition to improving cosmetic appearance, smoother surface allows the use of thin seals in vacuum applications. In addition, reduced porosity increases the resistance of the material of hydrofluoric acid (HF). Flame smoothed surfaces are smooth, even after long-term HF acid.
The advantages of material:
Specialized applications requiring increased chemical and thermal resistance, high and uniform level of light scattering should be based on the use of materials produced by recognized manufacturers such as Heraus (OM100, RotoSil OFM 70, OFM 370, 970 OFM OSC) or Momentive (GE514, GE544).
Typical dimensions and tolerances
- I.D. - inner diameter
- O.D. - outer diameter
|Outer diameter |
|Wall thickness |
|6-15||+/- 2,0 %||+/- 10%||10%||1,50%||2,5 mm|
|15 -20||+/- 1,5 %||+/- 10%||15%||1,50%||2,5 mm|
|20 -25||+/- 1,5 %||+/- 10%||15%||1,50%||3,0 mm|
|25-40||+/- 1,5 %||+/- 15%||15%||1,50%||3,0 mm|
|40-60||+/- 1,5 %||+/- 15%||15%||1,50%||3,0 mm|
|60 -80||+/- 1,5 %||+/- 15%||15%||1,50%||3,0 mm|
While every attempt has been made to verify the source of the information, no responsibility is accepted for accuracy of data.